Criminal offences that can lead to arrest and imprisonment are enumerated in the Thai Penal Code (or Criminal Code) as well as numerous other statutes. Criminal procedures are outlined in the Criminal Procedure Code.


Our consultancy firm is a business of one or more experts that provides professional advice to an individual or an organization


Public Notary in Thailand. Notaries are people with legal training who are licensed by the State to perform certain acts, like witnessing signatures, administering oaths or certifying document. Powers of notaries will vary depending on countries and jurisdictions.


Business licenses are permits issued by government agencies that allow individuals or companies to conduct business within the government's geographical jurisdiction. It is the authorization to start a business issued by the local government. A single jurisdiction often requires multiple licenses that are issued by multiple government departments and agencies. Business licenses vary between countries, states, and local municipalities. There are often many licenses, registrations and certifications required to conduct a business in a single location.


Commercial law includes within its compass such titles as principal and agent; carriage by land and sea; merchant shipping; guarantee; marine, fire, life, and accident insurance; bills of exchange, negotiable instruments, contracts and partnership. It can also be understood to regulate corporate contracts, hiring practices, and the manufacture and sales of consumer goods. Many countries have adopted civil codes that contain comprehensive statements of their commercial law.


Visa and immigration law is outlined in the Immigration Act BE 2522 (1979) and its amendments. The Immigration Bureau of the Royal Thai Police administers the law, while the Immigration Commission shall have power and duty to make decision such as giving or revoking permission to stay. WP is part of Labor Law which e provide together with VISA's.


This section of law aims to repair damages caused by others.

In Civil Law, the owner who gives the Usufruct is called in French “nu-propriétaire” or by literal translation in English “naked-owner”. It means that the owner has nothing else than the ownership: He can’t use his possession, even if he is the owner. Besides possession and enjoyment of the property, the Usufructurary has also the legal right to use and derive benefits from the property that belongs to another person, as long as the property is not damaged. It means that you can enjoy this property, even ask the owner to leave the property, can sublease and get the money from the rent, and this, until the end of your life. It is NOT restricted to 30 years maximum. On top of that, if you decide to build on this land, it is possible for you be the full owner of the buildings and constructions. It is really a strong right.

If you would like to use this right for industrial purposes, be aware that some taxes might be required.


A Will is a legal document where you express your decision as to who will inherit your wealth and what part of it will go to whom after you have deceased. If you do not draft up a Will, the law decides who gets what and the rules can be found in clause 1599 and following of the Commercial and Civil Code of Thailand (CCCT).

No matter how little or how much property you may own, you want to be sure that it is distributed to the right people after your death. In Thailand as in most countries, “When a person dies, their Estate devolves on the heirs.” (Section 1599 of the Civil and Commercial Code, “CCC”) In Thailand, if a person dies without a Will, it is down to the state to decide who will benefit from the estate of the deceased. (Statutory heirs) (Section 1603 CCC).


Issues may arise in family law where there is a question as to the laws of the jurisdiction that apply to the marriage relationship or to custody and divorce, and whether a divorce or child custody order is recognized under the laws of another jurisdiction. For child custody, many nations have joined the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction in order to grant recognition to other member states' custody orders and avoid issues of parental kidnapping.



The good news for foreign investors and entrepreneurs is that there ARE legal ways of achieving majority or even 100% foreign ownership of a company in Thailand. Even though some of them are time-consuming and their outcome is unpredictable, they should be a starting point of every serious company seeking to establish foreign ownership.

The three methods are:

  • Obtaining a Foreign Business License
  • Board of Investment (BOI) promotion
  • Registration through the Treaty of Amity (for the US citizens only)

*Exceptions to these rules are certain businesses in non-restricted categories, such as exporting or some manufacturing business.

Ultimately, a company the foreign ownership of which exceeds 50% is no longer a Thai company but rather a foreign (majority) company and as such is subject to different laws.